December 1 (A Huge Day)
1145 - Pope Eugene III proclaimed the beginning of the Second Crusade in an effort to retake territory once again coming under control of Muslim forces.
Another invasion, and another tactical victory for the Crusaders...But strategically they could never conquer the region. The Muslims were too strong, and the distance between Western Europe and Jerusalem too much of a logistical nightmare to overcome.
1135 - Henry I Beauclerc of England died and the crown was passed to his nephew Stephen of Bloise. Henry's most famous act was a decree stating the standard linear measure of one foot to be a third the length of his arm, which was 36 inches.
I’ve always wondered how this system evolved...Now I know.
1824 - The presidential election was turned over to the U.S. House of Representatives when a deadlock developed between John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay.
The Founding Fathers knew this possibility existed, and made a provision for it...J.Q. Adams was eventually elected by the House and the Constitution withstood an early electoral crisis - even though the process was terribly messy, and Jackson got screwed.
It wasn't the first contested presidential election, and wouldn't be the last either.
1913 – The continuous moving assembly line was introduced by Henry Ford.
Many think Ford was the inventor of the ‘automobile,’ but he wasn’t. He was the inventor of the assembly line system which made mass production of cars for the common man possible...An amazingly simple concept, with massive results.
1918 - The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was formed under the rule of the Serbian Karageorgevic Dynasty. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions of Croatia and Slovenia, the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola and parts of Styria, Carinthia and Istria. King Alexander I renamed the Balkan state called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes to Yugoslavia in 1929.
This cluster of micro-nations was destined to fail, and it’s amazing they lasted as a single unit for as long as they did...I guess having the Red Army at your back would do that, however.
1941 - Japanese Emperor Hirohito signed a declaration of war and War Minister Hideki Tojo rejected U.S. proposals for a Pacific settlement as fantastic and unrealistic: WWII.
Nice decision...It cost Tojo his life, the Emperor his empire and the lives of millions of his faithful Japanese subjects.
1955 - Rosa Parks defied the law by refusing to give up her seat to a white man aboard a Montgomery, Alabama, city bus. Mrs. Parks was arrested, sparking a year-long boycott of the buses by blacks.
This is an American to be proud of...Not because she's black or a woman, but because she's an American of the first order.
Rosa stood up for her rights and the rights of black people (which is standing up for the rights of every American), and began a social revolution...It’s too bad her successors have chosen to disgrace her cause: Jackson, Sharpton, etc.
1997 - Representatives from more than 150 countries gathered at a global warming summit in Kyoto, Japan, and over the course of ten days forged an agreement to control the emission of greenhouse gases.
Junk science at its best...Thank you President Bush for pulling the U.S. out of this ‘Global Warming Loony Bin.’
1999 - An international team of scientists announced it mapped virtually an entire human chromosome.
An amazing scientific achievement...And a scary one.
Lets hope ‘ethics’ is as much at work in the future science of human chromosomes as ‘Mengelian Manifest Destiny’ is.
2000 - The U.S. Supreme Court heard arguments by attorneys of Al Gore and George W. Bush on the legality of a vote extension by the Florida Supreme Court. The Florida Supreme Court turned down two Democrat pleas for an immediate count of disputed ballots and for a new election in Palm Beach County where a 'butterfly ballot' drew protests from Democratic voters.
176 years earlier the Constitution survived a contested election, and it did here as well...The matter should have never gotten to the courts (any of them), but the Democrats were willing to take the matter to whoever would rule in their favor.
Thankfully the Constitution won the day, and those who were willing to bastardize the American System to gain presidential power were defeated.