This was a very important document, which more or less acted as a ‘semi-constitution’ for the Holy Roman Empire. It stated each emperor would be chosen by election, the right of voting being vested in electoral princes (electors).
The reality of the electoral process was much more messy than this great edict wished, setting the stage for 500-years of political intrigue and wars for control of Central Europe.
5777 B.C. - Origin of the Solar Cycle.
4713 B.C. - Origin of the Julian Period.
45 B.C. - The Julian Calendar was introduced.
1 - The Christian Era began.
Different calendars throughout history are a source of much confusion among historians - as should be expected considering there are at least 30 different calendar systems in use in our day...Imagine trying to figure out exact dating on any of these, let alone extinct calendar systems.
On this blog, I do my best to use the accepted dates in the Western world...Which is where the initials A.D. come from - 'anno Domini' = 'in the year of our Lord.'
404 - The last gladiator competition in Rome.
I can't lie, I would have watched and enjoyed these games.
1610 - Simon Marius, a German astronomer, discovered the moons of Jupiter.
Marius should have officially reported this finding; instead Galileo claimed the finding on July 1 of the same year.
1863 - The Emancipation Proclamation, declared the previous September by Abraham Lincoln, took effect. It declared freedom for slaves in all areas of the Confederacy still in rebellion against the Union.
The North had very little control of the South at this time, which means there was no effective way of putting this proclamation into force...That said, the proclamation was an excellent political tool for Lincoln, as well as an additional battle-cry for the North.
1902 - The first Rose Bowl game. Michigan crushed Stanford, 49-0.
The 'grand-daddy of them all' started a fantastic tradition of college football bowl games.
1906 - The British Parliament curtailed immigration for the insane, impoverished, criminal and diseased.
You'd think this would be common sense. You'd think the U.S. would have a similar policy...And then you'd remember immigration has become more a tool to control the native population than one to help it - from both American political parties.
1912 - The Chinese Republic was founded by Sun Yat-sen.
China has never had anything near a republic, and certainly nothing resembling a democracy. That said, Chinese civilization has been as successful as any in the history of mankind and I am not here to say they do it wrong.
1920 - The League of Nations convened for the first time.
This worked just about as well as the U.N. has.
1920 - The 'Great Raid of the Red Scare': 'Radicals' were arrested in 33 U.S. cities.
They could round up many more 'Reds' if they'd just go to each city's DNC headquarters.
1934 - Germany passed the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring."
It wasn't long till they started considering anyone who wasn't German to be 'diseased.'
1946 - Japanese Emperor Hirohito rejected the notion the emperor is a living god and the notion the Japanese are superior to other races and destined to govern the world.
A thorough 'whoopin' will do this to most people bent on conquest and subjugation...It's usually the only thing which works - something all freedom-loving people must always keep in mind.
1949 - The U.N. brokered a cease-fire in Kashmir granting it the right to vote on whether to remain in India or join Pakistan.
No vote has taken place, and the cease-fire is in constant danger of dissolving...A reality made even more dangerous by the fact India and Pakistan are nuclear powers.
1959 - Fidel Castro led Cuban revolutionaries to victory over Fulgencio Batista.
It's a disgrace President Eisenhower let this happen right off the shores of the U.S...It's an even bigger disgrace no succeeding president has righted this wrong. And even worse that President Obama has embraced the Castros.
1986 - Soviet television aired a five-minute greeting from President Reagan, and Americans got the same from Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in the first such exchange between the superpowers.
The iron fist of the Soviet Union was loosening. It wasn't long until it completely crumbled.
1993 - Czechoslovakia dissolved, and the Czech Republic and Slovakia were formed.
As Liberalism takes over American popular culture, the memory of Ronald Reagan may shrink, but the people of Eastern Europe will long remember him for bringing down the Soviet Union and her hold on her neighbors. This 'Velvet Revolution' has been the most successful of the previous communist nations.
1994 - The North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect.
Free trade is always good for the U.S...As long as it is 'fair' trade. And as long as the deal isn't just a means to smuggle more foreigners in.
1999 - President Fidel Castro, marking 40-years as Cuba's leader, portrayed his Socialist nation as a defender of humanity against rapacious capitalism.
You'd think with such magnanimity Americans would be fleeing to Cuba, instead of vice verse...Except for douches like Sean Penn, that is.
2002 - Euro banknotes and coins became the legal tender in 12 EU states.
The Euro will ultimately fail without a united Europe, which will never happen. Sadly, this process of failing is in the process of occurring.